The ‘anti-classical spirit’ of Islam: Remarks on a key motive in the work of Muhammad Iqbal


  • Mr. Felix Herkert Scholar, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität, Freiburg, Germany


The present article deals with one of the main dichotomies in the various works of Muhammad Iqbal – i.e. in his poetical and philosophical texts, correspondences and political statements – namely the dichotomy between the Greek and Islamic spirit. First, the background of this dichotomy within Christian theology (a background Iqbal was acquainted with most likely) will be delineated. Subsequently, Iqbal’s statements concerning the relation between Greek and Islamic spirit will be examined. Finally, the general function and position of this topos in his thought, both in its proper limits and disclosing perspectives, shall be specified.